Wawa Theology

A dear colleague, friend and mentor, Rev. Arthur J. Henne is a ’57 graduate of The Lutheran Theological Seminary at Philadelphia (LTSP).  He is a retired ELCA pastor.  In the Lutheran Church in America (LCA), a predecessor denom to the ELCA, he served many years as a missionary in the Caribbean.  We have known each for about fifteen years and one of our frequent discussions is the demise of his alma mater, LTSP  and his profound sadness over its condition.  It no longer has a Lutheran only professorship.  Art gave me for my 25th anniversary of Ordination The Conservative Reformation by Charles Porterfield Krauth and directed me to the vows the professors used to take at Krauth’s Seminary (LTSP):

“…every Professor elect of the Theological Seminary of the Evangelical Lutheran Church at Philadelphia, in the act of investiture and before entering on the performance of the duties of his office, makes the following affirmation:

‘I believe that the Canonical Books of the Old and New Testaments are given by the inspiration of God, and are the perfect and only Rule of Faith;  and I believe that the three General Creeds, the Apostles’, the Nicene, and the Athanasian, exhibit the faith of the Church universal, in accordance with this Rule.

‘I believe that the Unaltered Augsburg Confession is, in all its part, in harmony with the Rule of Faith, and is a correct exhibition of doctrine; and I believe that the Apology, the two Catechisms of Luther, Smalcald Articles, and the Formula of Concord, are the faithful development and defense of the doctrines of the Word of God, and the Augsburg Confession.

‘I solemnly promise before Almighty God that all my teachings shall be in conformity with His Word, and with the aforementioned Confessions.”—The Conservative Reformation and its Theology, by Charles Porterfied Krauth, orig. published 1871.

Art said they can no longer take that vow at LTSP.

He pointed out a couple of weeks ago that in the President’s Welcome on their website, the President compares the seminary to the Wawa store across the street. The picture is from their website.  (Wawa is like  Seven-Elevens)  The President likes it that folks refer to their seminary as the “school across from Wawa”.  He writes that they have thought of using it as a tagline.

Of course, we will not use this as a tag line, but in interesting ways, it is a helpful description for us. Why? We are a seminary of the church committed to training leaders to do public theology. Translation? We are the church committed to living out the gospel in the world.

Art immediately started discussing a topic:  LTSP wants to sell the Gospel like a Wawa.  Their particular brand is liberal Protestantism.  Art also brought over his alma mater’s “PS Magazine”, and the article, “Listening to the Voices of a Changing Church”,  means we have to listen to our market to change the product so it sells.

So for instance, Presiding Bishop Mark Hanson of the ELCA was asked a question at the first ELCA Town hall meeting, Dec 6, 2010,  requiring a one-word answer: “Where is there anything other than rejection of homosexual conduct in the Bible?” The Bishop’s response is here.  Warning:  reading it will give you a theological migraine and it is at the end of this posting. I reproduce it for this question and answer:  Why did he probably give such a long answer?  Answer:  The short answer would have been, Yes and we do not agree with the Bible. We think the Bible is wrong.  His answer is long because he could not an honest and forthright heretic because that would not sell like Wawa theology to his market-share of  Protestant denominationalism.  His probable concern in being heretical forthright:   the loss of  $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$, the offerings.

I write this for other  reasons, besides to relate the pain of many in the ELCA.  This is almost enough but this sorrow over false doctrine teaches us further:

We are to thank the Lord we have two faithful seminaries in the LCMS!  While still in the ELCA I attended a three day continuing education course taught by Dr. Reed Lessing on Isaiah.  I have heard lectures by Jeffrey Gibb.  Attending many Symposia in Ft. Wayne:  Professors Just, Scaer, Scaer, etc. All are solid.

But here’s the rub: Wawa theology, in it’s own LCMS form is rampant.  This is why I was attracted to BJS:  it fights the good fight against the selling of the Gospel and selling it out by the practitioners of Church Growth ideology, watered down confessionalist subscription and the Word and Sacraments as a rubber stamping for my/our agenda(s) .

Dr. Noland in a BJS posting (#33) wrote:

In one sentence: The problem with Church Growth ideology is that, in matters of church practice, it replaces “respect for and obedience to the Word of God” with “respect for symbols of worldly success and obedience to quantifiable results.” That will be the undoing of the LCMS, if it is not decisively repealed and revoked. Mark my words.

I have marked his words.  For Krauth to take the oath of investiture meant  utter fidelity to Scriptures and the Confessions as integral, for instance,  in the  good fight against the “New Measures” of Dr. Samuel Schmucker, President of Gettysburg Lutheran Seminary who wanted the Pennsylvania Ministerium and the other non-LCMS Lutheran bodies to fit into 19th century revivalism.  Schmucker actually tried to publish his own expurgated version of The Book of  Concord in which he left out the doctrine of the real presence which he did not believe in.  It was not convenient for being a revivalist denom. It was the 19th century equivalent of our “worship wars”.   I think in the 21st Century Schmucker is winning and their is no Krauth or Walther to lead the way.

Why did Krauth and Walther, in the good fight of faith, prevail?  Possibly one big reason, they probably did not care about this cost of the fight:

They did give one whit that the offerings would take a hit . Wawa theology might sell for awhile, but the Word of God remains forever.


“The question beckons us into a conversation that I think we need to continue to be having in this church. And my fear is that as the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, we’re missing a marvelous moment that we now have to bear witness to one another and to those who are watching us, expecting a division, because that’s the lens through which questions of human sexuality and homosexuality are being defined culturally and in the Church beyond us. We have a moment to say, “Let us tell you how we understand the Word of God.” We understand the Word of God as God’s living address to humankind first and foremost incarnate in Jesus the Christ. We understand the Word of God as the good news of Jesus Christ as it is proclaimed as Law and Gospel. We understand the Word of God as the Word recorded in Scripture. And so the question gets into how then do we read the Scriptures? My fear is that we are falling into a differentiation and separation of the Church around “some read the Scriptures and some don’t; some love the Scriptures and some don’t.” I think the one who wrote this question loves the Scriptures as I love the Scriptures, as those folks that love the Scriptures say, “I can’t get to where this church seems to have gone in response to homosexuality.” And the congregation that is rejoicing because it loves Scripture and says, “Now we have the possibility for the person who is gay or lesbian in a committed, life-long relationship to serve as our pastor.” And so the question isn’t, do some love the Scriptures or not, but how do we read the Scriptures? And first and foremost we read the Scriptures evangelically as Lutherans. We read the Bible open to the Holy Spirit bringing us to saving faith in Jesus Christ. John ends his gospel, “These things are written that you might believe in Jesus Christ.” Luke ends his gospel with Jesus saying to his disciples, “You want to know how to understand the Law and the Prophets and everything in the Scriptures? Well it’s through my death and resurrection. And, once you realize that, your purpose is to proclaim repentance and the forgiveness of sins.” So now, back to the question. When we come to the question of how we read the Bible, in response to homosexuality, in response to the place of gay and lesbian people in our life and ministries, let’s bring the question: how do we read the Bible to texts that the questioner referenced, but to the texts that other turn to, to lead them to say, “But you know? The questions of homosexual orientation that I hear asked and the understanding we have of homosexuality today, does not seem to be reflected at all in the context of the biblical writers.” So, let us bring our understanding of sexual orientation as it has been opened up to humankind over the years to this conversation. My plea is: we now do not move into conversations of like-minded people, around homosexuality and human sexuality, we step into engaging one another. Let’s not let this moment in our church become the occasion when the Bible becomes a wall that divides us, rather let it be the table that beckons us into conversation with one another, listening to the Word and listening to one another, as we hear the Word speaking to us and through us. This moment is a chance to be a witness of what it means to hear the word of Law and Gospel, and bring us to saving faith in Jesus Christ. Stay in the conversation, Church. God is still speaking to us and through us in the ELCA.”



Wawa Theology — 21 Comments

  1. The quoted response of XXXA Presiding Bishop Hanson, if spread out, could fertilize the entire Sahara Desert.

  2. @Carl Vehse #1

    Your response is being too kind to XXXA Presiding Bishop Hanson, because to fertilize the entire Sahara Desert may actually be a GOOD thing…..

  3. “The questions of homosexual orientation that I hear asked and the understanding we have of homosexuality today, does not seem to be reflected at all in the context of the biblical writers.”

    This is a perfect example of the use of Historical/Higher Criticism.

    Which Lutheran bodies have decided to abandon the practice of Historical/Higher Criticism. Is there any evidence that Lutheran bodies are moving in a more confessional direction?

  4. “My plea is: we do not move into conversations of like minded people….. ,we step into engaging one another.”

    They have certainly “stepped into” something!

  5. When you hear/see the word “Conversation” beware–your baloney detector ought to be beeping furiously. “Conversation” means simply, “You keep talking, but I’m going to do what a darn well please. But please, go on talking.”

    Bishop Hanson’s answer is the usual masterpiece of H/C obfuscation and smokescreen God-talk. I wonder which part of “no place” he doesn’t understand.

    You can add Death Valley to the Sahara fertilization process.

  6. I know of a recent graduate of the Philly Seminary who had
    a Methodist pastor from a local parish teach his homiletics
    class. This is a sad situation and says a lot about the
    primacy of preaching in the ELCA.

  7. @mames #7

    And the LCMS is becoming a CG/American evangelical organization forsaking any requirement to remain faithful to our confessions. Its like a box of chocolates.

  8. “His answer is long because he could not an honest and forthright heretic because that would not sell like Wawa theology to his market-share of Protestant denominationalism.”

    Sometimes their answer is short in order to sell to the lambs, but only because they leave off the rest of the sentence.

    Example: “The Word of God is in the Bible…”
    (…and so are legends, myths, misguided opinions, mistakes, outright lies…)

  9. You can determine a denomination’s future by the quality of their
    seminaries. Future Lutheran pastors are nurtured and educated by
    professors who are either Biblical and Confessional or who are
    not. The LCMS has 2 excellent seminaries which are well-staffed.
    The ELCA has 8 seminaries. Some are on life-support financially
    and all of them do not mandate that the faculty must be Lutheran.
    It is important that the LCMS make our seminaries an important part
    of the national budget with a honest attempt to increase financial
    support for them.

  10. “listening to the Word and listening to one another”

    That’s the funny thing about it, I hear the word, and I hear them, but they don’t sound the same!

  11. A man I knew from our area attended another ELCA seminary. He was of the “Word Alone” bent and I couldn’t convince him to switch to LCMS. I bumped into him when he returned to the area for a visit and he reported that his first semester he had six professors, all of whom were female, none of whom were Lutheran. As best he could determine there was a Methodist, Presbyterian, United Church of Christ, and even an agnostic or atheist. When he inquired about this with the academic dean, she replied, “You wouldn’t want us to discriminate in hiring faculty on the basis of their religion, would you? We need the most qualified professors, and their personal religious beliefs are irrelevant.”

  12. @Rev. Kevin Vogts #14
    “You wouldn’t want us to discriminate in hiring faculty on the basis of their religion, would you?

    Goodness, no! What kind of seminary would that be!?
    Besides, all of the above (probably including the agnostic) are in pulpit and altar fellowship with ***A. That doesn’t only mean they commune together, [Real Presence and ‘no presence’, side by side]. It means they can call each other’s Pastors, so the pewsitter has no idea what the Pastor believes, even if he recites a formal traditional Lutheran service.

    Good Lord, deliver us!

  13. Lady Dean: “You wouldn’t want us to discriminate in hiring faculty on the basis of their religion, would you?

    Witty Lutheran: “Goodness, no! What kind of seminary would that be!?”

    This would be laughable, if it weren’t real — and sooo very dangerous to generations of eternal souls.

    I’m reminded of Luther’s remark about having a different spirit… I wonder how Pastor Louderback would celebrate his unity with this lady?

  14. “You wouldn’t want us to discriminate in hiring faculty on the basis of their religion, would you?”

    In addition to the issue of indiscriminate faculty hiring (a form of selective fellowship), there is also this form of selective fellowship recently described in the LCMS report, “Anglican Church in North America and The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod Dialogue Report on the Discussions (2010-2012)“:

    “We, the representatives of the Anglican Church in North America and The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod, rejoice that we can jointly affirm without reservation core teachings (articles) of the Christian faith shared by our church bodies. Together we hold the catholic faith of one God in three persons as confessed in the three western oecumenical [2] creeds: the Apostles’, Nicene, and Athanasian (Quicunque Vult).”

    “2. We wish to distinguish herein between “oecumenical” (referring to what is universal or catholic) and “ecumenical” (referring to the work of theological dialogue between different church traditions).”

    “Our seminaries are exploring ways to support our common mission by not only hosting the present series of dialogues but also the possibility of joint courses or colloquies that help us learn about and from each other while addressing issues of common concern.”

    “We appeal to the laity and clergy of our two communions to take to heart the developing relationship between us, fostering our mutual bonds by personal and group contacts, by each side becoming better informed and more appreciative of the other, by supporting each other, and by seeking opportunities for common study of God’s Word and prayer.”

  15. @Carl Vehse #18
    “Our seminaries are exploring ways to support our common mission by not only hosting the present series of dialogues but also the possibility of joint courses or colloquies that help us learn about and from each other while addressing issues of common concern.”

    Shouldn’t we strive to restore unity — in the Word?

  16. As a new LCMS Pastor by Colloquy and installed in February after 28 years of service in another synod I am encouraged to hear so many brothers committed to the Gospel in Word and Sacrament as God’s dynamite to create and sustain faith in our Triune God. Church Growth strategies “major in minors” and don’t hold forth the meat of the Good News about God’s solution to man’s dilemna in Christ crucified for sinners. Let us hold fast to the simple and still powerful Law and Gospel to confront sin and save sinners! I remain, One of the King’s men.

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