Part 1 of 3 — Catechesis: The Quiet Crisis, by William E. Thompson

This is part 1 of 3 in the series Crisis of Catechesis

Part 1
Catechesis: The Quiet Crisis
William E. Thompson

Outline: Serialization Note:
Part 1 Introduction Brothers of John the
Steadfast gratefully acknowledge the kind permission gladly given by the editor of Concordia Theological Quarterly to serialize these  installments of William E. Thompson, “Catechesis: The Quiet CrisisConcordia Theological Quarterly 56
(1992) No. 2-3: 99-121.
Part 2 I. Nature of the Crisis
A. The Church Today versus the Church Catholic
B. Luther’s Catechesis versus Catechesis Today
1. Catechesis and the Christian Life in General
2. Catechesis and Worship
Part 2 II. Causes of the Crisis
A. A Disrespectful Attitude
B. A Lack of Faith in the Means of Grace
C. The Adoption of Legalistic Goals
D. A Search for ShortcutsE. A Confusion in Ecclesiology


Like many young pastors upon their ordination and installation, I had a firm confessional resolve and a definite direction for ministry which were mandated by my ordination vows. Because of this confessional resolve, I chose to begin my Sunday-morning Bible class with a study of the Augsburg Confession. I felt that it would offer an opportunity to deepen the understanding of the faith which was known through Luther’s Small Catechism as well as expose the congregation to another of our church’s confessions. It did not take long for me to realize that the faithful members of this study-group did not have Luther’s Catechism as a basis on which to stand. They had either forgotten through disuse what they had learned of the Catechism or they had simply never been taught the Catechism in the first place. I then asked for a show of hands by those members of the class who had learned the Catechism before confirmation. To my shock, only two out of a group of about twenty-five had been catechized with the Small Catechism. The common reference-point which I naively assumed would be there in any congregation to which I was called was not there.

Since that time I have struggled to answer why this state of catechesis exists in our church. At the outset I must acknowledge the insights of many brothers in the ministry who have helped me in this struggle.[1] A Lutheran laity unfamiliar with the Small Catechism seems odd, especially in the LCMS, which historically has prided herself on the purity of her confession. In Lutheranism worldwide there are currently many questions concerning the church and ministry which are being discussed. Two aspects of the church and ministry which have always served as unifying forces in our church are her hymnbooks-agendas and her catechisms. There is currently much diversity and a great deal of discussion about hymnbooks-agendas. However, while there is great diversity in catechetical approach, there is little discussion of it. The situation is puzzling, since there are many parishes with a catechetical history similar to mine. I submit that we are in a catechetical crisis, a crisis which is being silently ignored. This essay attempts to define and address this crisis in the context of pastoral practice. We shall address the place and shape of catechesis in the life of the church both now and, in a general way, historically in evangelical Lutheranism.



  1. Especially helpful have been the Rev. Charles Evanson, the Rev. Dr. Kenneth Korby, the Rev. John Pless, and the Rev. Adolph M. Bickel.



About T. R. Halvorson

T. R. Halvorson was born in Sidney, Montana on July 14, 1953, baptized at Pella Evangelical Lutheran Church in Sidney, Montana on November 8, 1953, and confirmed at First Lutheran Church in Williston, North Dakota in 1968. He and his wife, Marilyn, are members of Trinity Lutheran Church (LCMS) in Sidney, Montana. They have three sons and six grandchildren. T. R. farms at Wildrose, North Dakota, and is Deputy County Attorney in Sidney, Montana. He has been a computer programmer; and an author, conference speaker, instructor, and consultant to industry in online legal information. He is among the authors of the religion column in the Sidney Herald at Sidney, Montana. He is the Editor of


Part 1 of 3 — Catechesis: The Quiet Crisis, by William E. Thompson — 6 Comments

  1. As a former roaming Protestant, with no church home to speak of, save my Army chapel and field services (I love taking Communion with my rifle strapped across my back…the whole sword and trowel effect, there) I attest to the fact it was the small and large catechisms, and a faithful Lutheran chaplain, that brought me (praise God) to the LCMS. Period. Pastors…thank you for considering the usefulness of sound doctrine(!)

  2. I have often wondered if it were possible to design a daily devotion around the Catechism. Perhaps it’s a project for the Brothers of John the Steadfast should consider undertaking, yes? 😉

  3. Hi J. Dean,

    CPH published a great book in 2004 titled, ‘The LORD Will Answer, A Daily Prayer Catechism’. The devotions begin on page 34 with the first Sunday in Advent. On the frontispiece page it says: ‘Drawn from Holy Scripture, the Church Fathers, and Luther’s Small Catechism with Explanation’.

    Also, in our Lutheran Service Book, page 260 there is The Service of Prayer and Preaching which is designed for catechetical teaching in a regular church service without communion.

    In Christ,

  4. @Pastor Prentice #4

    Hi Pastor Prentice,

    For our Wednesday night Lenten services we usually have a different pastor each week from the circuit. This year we are using the Service of Prayer and Preaching. Our choir is learning the OT canticle right now. It’s very beautiful and I hope our congregation learns to love it.

    In Christ,

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