A Laymen’s Commentary on the Smalcald Articles: Baptism

This entry is part 11 of 11 in the series A Laymen's Commentary on the Smalcald Articles

Part III, Article V. Of Baptism. 1] Baptism is nothing else than the Word of God in the water, commanded by His institution, or, as Paul says, a washing in the Word; as also Augustine says: Let the Word come … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Smalcald Articles: The Gospel

This entry is part 10 of 11 in the series A Laymen's Commentary on the Smalcald Articles

Part III, Article IV. Of the Gospel. We will now return to the Gospel, which not merely in one way gives us counsel and aid against sin; for God is superabundantly rich [and liberal] in His grace [and goodness]. First, … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Smalcald Articles: Repentance

This entry is part 9 of 11 in the series A Laymen's Commentary on the Smalcald Articles

Part III, Article III. Of Repentance. 1] This office [of the Law] the New Testament retains and urges, as St. Paul, Rom. 1:18 does, saying: The wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men. … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Smalcald Articles: The Law

This entry is part 8 of 11 in the series A Laymen's Commentary on the Smalcald Articles

Part III, Article II. Of the Law 1] Here we hold that the Law was given by God, first, to restrain sin by threats and the dread of punishment, and by the promise and offer of grace and benefit. But … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Smalcald Articles: Sin

This entry is part 7 of 11 in the series A Laymen's Commentary on the Smalcald Articles

THE THIRD PART OF THE ARTICLES. Concerning the following articles we may [will be able to] treat with learned and reasonable men, or among ourselves. The Pope and his [the Papal] government do not care much about these. For with … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Smalcald Articles: The Papacy

This entry is part 6 of 11 in the series A Laymen's Commentary on the Smalcald Articles

Part II, Article IV: Of the Papacy. 1] That the Pope is not, according to divine law or according to the Word of God the head of all Christendom (for this [name] belongs to One only, whose name is Jesus … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Smalcald Articles: Chapters and Cloisters

This entry is part 5 of 11 in the series A Laymen's Commentary on the Smalcald Articles

Part II, Article III: Of Chapters and Cloisters. 1] That chapters and cloisters [colleges of canons and communistic dwellings], which were formerly founded with the good intention [of our forefathers] to educate learned men and chaste [and modest] women, ought … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Smalcald Articles: The Mass

This entry is part 4 of 11 in the series A Laymen's Commentary on the Smalcald Articles

Part II, Article II: Of the Mass. 1] That the Mass in the Papacy must be the greatest and most horrible abomination, as it directly and powerfully conflicts with this chief article, and yet above and before all other popish … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Smalcald Articles: The Chief Article

This entry is part 3 of 11 in the series A Laymen's Commentary on the Smalcald Articles

THE SECOND PART Treats of the Articles which Refer to the Office and Work of Jesus Christ, or Our Redemption. Part II, Article I: The first and chief article. 1] That Jesus Christ, our God and Lord, died for our sins, … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Smalcald Articles: The Awe-Inspiring Articles on Divine Majesty

This entry is part 2 of 11 in the series A Laymen's Commentary on the Smalcald Articles

THE FIRST PART Treats of the Sublime Articles Concerning the Divine Majesty, as: I. That Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, three distinct persons in one divine essence and nature, are one God, who has created heaven and earth. The Holy … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Smalcald Articles: Preface

This entry is part 1 of 11 in the series A Laymen's Commentary on the Smalcald Articles

Note: This is the third series of posts providing commentary on the Book of Concord adapted from my Lutheran Essentials Class Notes.  I pray they are edifying and aid in the reading of the Book of Concord.  Scriptural citations are … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Conclusion

This entry is part 30 of 30 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

  Conclusion. 1] These are the chief articles which seem to be in controversy. For although we might have spoken of more abuses, yet, to avoid undue length, we have set forth the chief points, from which the rest may … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Church Authority

This entry is part 29 of 30 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XXVIII: Of Ecclesiastical Power. 1] There has been great controversy concerning the Power of Bishops, in which some have awkwardly confounded the power of the Church 2] and the power of the sword. And from this confusion very great … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Monastic Vows

This entry is part 28 of 30 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XXVII: Of Monastic Vows. 1] What is taught on our part concerning Monastic Vows, will be better understood if it be remembered what has been the state of the monasteries, and how many things were daily done in those … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Distinction of Meats

This entry is part 27 of 30 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XXVI: Of the Distinction of Meats. 1] It has been the general persuasion, not of the people alone, but also of those teaching in the churches, that making Distinctions of Meats, and like traditions of men, are works profitable … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Abuses of Confession

This entry is part 26 of 30 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XXV: Of Confession. 1] Confession in the churches is not abolished among us; for it is not usual to give the body of the Lord, except to them that have been previously examined and absolved. And 2] the people … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: The Mass

This entry is part 25 of 30 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XXIV: Of the Mass. 1] Falsely are our churches accused of abolishing the Mass; for the Mass is retained among 2] us, and celebrated with the highest reverence. Nearly all the usual ceremonies are also preserved, save that the … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: The Marriage of Priests

This entry is part 24 of 30 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XXIII: Of the Marriage of Priests. 1] There has been common complaint concerning the examples of priests who were not chaste. 2] For that reason also Pope Pius is reported to have said that there were certain causes why … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Both Kinds in the Sacrament

This entry is part 23 of 30 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XXII: Of Both Kinds in the Sacrament. 1] To the laity are given Both Kinds in the Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, because this usage has the commandment of the Lord in Matt. 26:27: Drink ye all of it, … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Worship of the Saints

This entry is part 22 of 30 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XXI: Of the Worship of the Saints. 1] Of the Worship of Saints they teach that the memory of saints may be set before us, that we may follow their faith and good works, according to our calling, as … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Good Works

This entry is part 21 of 30 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XX: Of Good Works. 1] Our teachers are falsely accused of forbidding Good Works. 2] For their published writings on the Ten Commandments, and others of like import, bear witness that they have taught to good purpose concerning all … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: The Cause of Sin

This entry is part 20 of 30 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XIX: Of the Cause of Sin. Of the Cause of Sin they teach that, although God does create and preserve nature, yet the cause of sin is the will of the wicked, that is, of the devil and ungodly … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Free Will

This entry is part 19 of 30 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XVIII: Of Free Will. 1] Of Free Will they teach that man’s will has some liberty to choose civil righteousness, and to work 2] things subject to reason. But it has no power, without the Holy Ghost, to work … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Christ’s Return for Judgment

This entry is part 18 of 30 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

  Article XVII: Of Christ’s Return to Judgment. 1] Also they teach that at the Consummation of the World Christ will appear for judgment, and 2] will raise up all the dead; He will give to the godly and elect … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Civil Government

This entry is part 17 of 30 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XVI: Of Civil Affairs. 1] Of Civil Affairs they teach that lawful civil ordinances are good works of God, and that 2] it is right for Christians to bear civil office, to sit as judges, to judge matters by … Continue reading