A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: The Cause of Sin

This entry is part 20 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XIX: Of the Cause of Sin. Of the Cause of Sin they teach that, although God does create and preserve nature, yet the cause of sin is the will of the wicked, that is, of the devil and ungodly … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Free Will

This entry is part 19 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XVIII: Of Free Will. 1] Of Free Will they teach that man’s will has some liberty to choose civil righteousness, and to work 2] things subject to reason. But it has no power, without the Holy Ghost, to work … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Christ’s Return for Judgment

This entry is part 18 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

  Article XVII: Of Christ’s Return to Judgment. 1] Also they teach that at the Consummation of the World Christ will appear for judgment, and 2] will raise up all the dead; He will give to the godly and elect … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Civil Government

This entry is part 17 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XVI: Of Civil Affairs. 1] Of Civil Affairs they teach that lawful civil ordinances are good works of God, and that 2] it is right for Christians to bear civil office, to sit as judges, to judge matters by … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Church Ceremonies

This entry is part 16 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XV: Of Ecclesiastical Usages. 1] Of Usages in the Church they teach that those ought to be observed which may be observed without sin, and which are profitable unto tranquillity and good order in the Church, as particular holy … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Order in the Church

This entry is part 15 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XIV: Of Ecclesiastical Order. Of Ecclesiastical Order they teach that no one should publicly teach in the Church or administer the Sacraments unless he be regularly called. Only pastors are to publicly preach, teach, and administer the Sacraments.  They … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: The Use of the Sacraments

This entry is part 14 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

  Article XIII: Of the Use of the Sacraments. 1] Of the Use of the Sacraments they teach that the Sacraments were ordained, not only to be marks of profession among men, but rather to be signs and testimonies of … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Repentance

This entry is part 13 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article XII: Of Repentance. 1] Of Repentance they teach that for those who have fallen after Baptism there is remission of sins whenever they are converted 2] and that the Church ought to impart absolution to those thus returning to … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Confession

This entry is part 12 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

  Article XI: Of Confession. 1] Of Confession they teach that Private Absolution ought to be retained in the churches, although in confession 2] an enumeration of all sins is not necessary. For it is impossible according to the Psalm: … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: The Lord’s Supper

This entry is part 11 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article X: Of the Lord’s Supper. 1] Of the Supper of the Lord they teach that the Body and Blood of Christ are truly present, and are distributed 2] to those who eat the Supper of the Lord; and they … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Baptism

This entry is part 10 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article IX: Of Baptism. 1] Of Baptism they teach that it is necessary 2] to salvation, and that through Baptism is offered the grace of God, and that children are to be baptized who, being offered to God through Baptism … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: What the Church Is

This entry is part 9 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article VIII: What the Church Is. 1] Although the Church properly is the congregation of saints and true believers, nevertheless, since in this life many hypocrites and evil persons are mingled therewith, it is lawful to use Sacraments administered by … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: The Church

This entry is part 8 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article VII: Of the Church. 1] Also they teach that one holy Church is to continue forever. The Church is the congregation of saints, in which the Gospel is rightly taught and the Sacraments are rightly administered. 2] And to … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: New Obedience

This entry is part 7 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article VI: Of New Obedience. 1] Also they teach that this faith is bound to bring forth good fruits, and that it is necessary to do good works commanded by God, because of God’s will, but that we should not … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: The Ministry

This entry is part 6 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

  Article V: Of the Ministry. 1] That we may obtain this faith, the Ministry of Teaching the Gospel and administering the Sacraments was instituted. For through the Word and Sacraments, as through instruments, 2] the Holy Ghost is given, … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Justification

This entry is part 5 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article IV: Of Justification.   1] Also they teach that men cannot be justified before God by their own strength, merits, or works, but are freely justified for 2] Christ’s sake, through faith, when they believe that they are received … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: The Son of God

This entry is part 4 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article III: Of the Son of God. 1] Also they teach that the Word, that is, the Son of God, did assume the human nature in 2] the womb of the blessed Virgin Mary, so that there are two natures, … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Original Sin

This entry is part 3 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article II: Of Original Sin. 1] Also they teach that since the fall of Adam all men begotten in the natural way are born with sin, that is, without the fear of God, without trust in God, and with 2] … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: God

This entry is part 2 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Article I: Of God. 1] Our Churches, with common consent, do teach that the decree of the Council of Nicaea concerning the Unity of the Divine Essence and concerning the Three Persons, is true and to be believed without any … Continue reading

A Laymen’s Commentary on the Augsburg Confession: Preface

This entry is part 1 of 20 in the series A Layman's Commentary on the Augsburg Confession

Note: This is the second series of posts providing commentary on the Book of Concord adapted from my Lutheran Essentials Class Notes.  I pray they are edifying and aid in the reading of the Book of Concord.  Scriptural citations are … Continue reading