University Lutheran Chapel, Boulder, CO
In the Name of the Father, and of the X Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.
At the transfiguration, the glory of the Father was clearly seen in the Son. As one eyewitness, the apostle John put it: And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father.
The apostles Peter and John, who both saw Jesus divine glory at his transfiguration, would have us think differently than we usually do. Instead of wishing that we had been there, John directs us to look forward to the glory we shall see when Jesus comes again: Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is. We shall be like him, why? Because we shall see him as he is. On that day, those who are righteous through faith in Christ will see God as he is. And this vision of God will not be for the sake of curiosity, or for God to prove something, but will make us as he is. In other words, one can rightly say that the goal of the Christian life is to see God as he is and live. To eternally enjoy the visible presence of God and eternally say: “ ‘Tis good, Lord, to be here.”
Peter also wants us to view the Transfiguration in a certain way. He wants us to see in it the clarity and certainty of the Scriptures so that we may have the certainty of faith and a merry conscience. In today’s epistle, Peter answers the question: “Why should I trust that the Scriptures are true and inspired by God?” His answer is, because the Bible says so.
Now that may sound like circular reasoning, but Peter explains that the self-truth of the Scriptures is entirely valid. Peter and the rest were eyewitnesses to the fact that Jesus is the Messiah. They heard the voice from heaven. They saw the glory. They were witnesses of his resurrection and the truth of his words and deeds. And since we know that Jesus is the promised Messiah, we also know that the prophets who predicted his coming in detail were true prophets of God. The prophetic word is all the more sure and confirmed in Christ’s fulfillment of it. All the promises of God find their “yes” in Jesus. Therefore, says Peter, the prophets were writing under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, even as Peter and the apostles speak not as peddlers of mythologies but as authoritative spokesmen of the risen Christ. Peter had learned his lesson well. The Transfiguration was not a scenic area to be enshrined in tents, but a powerful witness to the certainty and clarity of the Scriptures.
Yes, the word-for-word, or, verbal inspiration of Scripture is a matter of faith apart from which one cannot be dealt with as a Christian. But verbal inspiration is a matter of faith based on genuine history and objective, compelling evidence. Peter is not like Mohammed or Joe Smith claiming to have found some new holy book while he was off by himself in a cave and you should believe him just because or else. Peter invites critics to hear the evidence, test the claims of the Scriptures and those eyewitnesses who claim its fulfillment in Jesus and who have nothing to gain and everything to lose from saying so. Thus does Peter argue that the Scriptures are certain and inspired.
But there’s more. Peter also invites Christians to see that the Scriptures are bright and clear, just as Jesus shone brightly and clearly at his Transfiguration. “Thy Word is a lamp unto my feet and a light unto my path.” The Scriptures are not dark, obscure, and masked in a code language that no one can figure out except for Joseph Smith or the Pope or the local charismatic megachurch preacher. Rather, Scripture is a light shining in a dark place. It does not need another light to enlighten it. Just as the sun produces its own light, does not need to be illuminated from without, and still shines brightly even if I close my eyes to it or look away; so God’s Word is self-illuminating and does not need clarification from the outside. It can be known and is not subject to personal interpretations. It means what it means even apart from you and me. There is no “Bible code.” It works according to the normal principles of human language, and the syntax and grammar of Greek and Hebrew. God, the author of human language, is able to communicate. He is not like the college student who never learned how to write clearly.
This should be comforting. It should give us the certainty of faith and conviction of conscience. But post-modernism, in which you all grew up, has taught you that words don’t really mean anything and that any statement can be reduced to “What it means to me.”
Stick with me here and let’s do a thought experiment. For the sake of example, let’s pick something easy, like drunkenness. What does the Scripture say? Ephesian 5:18: “Do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery.” Notice: There are no hard words here. It’s not a secret code. There are spots in the Bible that require comparing passages and letting Scripture interpret itself. This isn’t even one of those. The meaning is clear. Drunkenness is debauchery.
But post-modernism and error of the unclarity of Scripture say: “Yes, but it says, don’t be drunk with wine, so what about beer or hard liquor? That could be okay, right? And what if we use a designated driver? And really what does it mean to be drunk? Is it .05% BAC? .08% I mean really it’s different for everybody and it depends on the day. Besides, you can theoretically get drunk on things besides alcohol. And what if I wasn’t actually “drinking” but eating it via jello? And who was Paul’s audience? Maybe he was only speaking to older people and not college students? And besides, that was just his culture. No one in our culture is seriously offended when college students have one too many. And aren’t I free in the Gospel? At this point, I pretty much have to drink another or risk being a Pharisee.” And on and on it goes until people conclude: ah! the Scripture isn’t clear. We can’t really know what Paul meant by “Do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery.” There is no real meaning, only what it means to me.
Repent. That is not the way Christians hear God’s Word. That is not the simplicity of faith. Oh, that might seem like a silly example, but it’s how people who deny the clarity of Scripture treat the Bible. And it only gets worse as they come to statements like “Baptism now saves you.” “This is my body.” “Jesus is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.” Thus the very Gospel is undone as that sneaky snake whispers in our ears: “Did God really say?”
Peter says the Scriptures are bright, a lamp shining in a dark place. What comfort to see the light when I have been lost in error’s dark maze! But much of Christianity denies this either dogmatically or functionally. The Pope says the Bible is too hard to be clear. Tradition and his magisterium are the only clear interpreters of Scripture. But really, how clear are the popes? Who interprets them? One would think he would have written a definitive commentary by now answering every question so that we can all move on with our lives.
The East also denies the clarity of Scripture. They too say that you have to have Scripture plus church tradition, and by “tradition” they usually mean a snapshot of what 8th century eastern Christianity largely taught.
The Episcopalians say you need Scripture plus tradition plus reason. The Methodists and many American Christians add experience to the list (ironically the very thing St. Peter resists in today’s epistle). It’s not uncommon in American churches to have an “anointed” vision-casting leader whose experiences come alongside Scripture. So instead of one pope in Rome, you get a thousand mini-popes who can speak outside of—and in many cases—contrary to Scripture as they illuminate the “true” meaning of the words which they often say is “hidden” or “secret.” Of course, I am not speaking against the need to study and learn Scripture along with the language and context in which it was written—only against the notion that Scripture is unclear and not a bright light.
Just this week I was speaking with a student and asked him if he had a church home and whether he was a Lutheran. To which he said, “No. I’m just a Christian.” The poor kid. He was just looking for someplace to park his car. I did try to behave myself, but I challenged him. I told him I was glad to hear that he was a Christian and so was I. But I also tried to show him that that was a total cop-out. It’s trying to play it safe. It’s saying: “Well, I don’t think we can know with certainty whose teaching is correct. I’m not going to confess one way or the other.” And there it was: the erroneous, yet pervasive doctrine of the unclarity of Scripture. “We can’t really know. That’s just your opinion. There are many other interpretations out there. Maybe the words don’t really mean that. Did God really say?”
Beloved of God, this is a real bother for all Christians. I am not trying to make light of it or poke fun at Christians who are confused on this or that point of doctrine. When the voice of that sneaky snake rears his head and whispers: “Did God really say?” my sinful flesh is driven to any number of false comforts. Erect a papacy. Establish an infallible tradition. Claim special knowledge or a religious experience. Find the most charismatic preacher, or the one with the most advanced degrees, or the cutest kids, or whatever.
But those are all false comforts. God has certainty for you and has placed it in his clear word. For you who are bothered by all this, Peter gives you this comfort: We have the prophetic word more fully confirmed, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts, knowing this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture comes from someone’s own interpretation.
Sometimes I think that when people hear Lutherans talking about the Transfiguration clarity and brightness of Scripture, all they hear us saying: “Scripture is clear to us. Our beliefs are obvious to us.” But that’s not what we’re saying. We’re saying what Peter says. We’re saying that the clarity is in the Scriptures themselves. They are a light, a lamp, bright. The brightness is objectively there, even as it was in Jesus when he was transfigured.
Don’t let anyone, least of all your own heart, steal this comfort from you. Stick to the Word, and you will have the certainty of faith. Stick to the Word, and you will have all you need. Stick to the Word and Christ, the morning star, will arise in your hearts. When you look at your heart, the longer you look, the more uncertainty you’ll find. If you merely ponder the things of God in your own thoughts, you will get lost in the dark and despair. Stop doing that, says Peter. Pay attention to the words of Scripture. It is a shining lamp. Where the Word is, there the Spirit is working, bringing faith and the entire kingdom of God. Did God really say? Yes, he really did. For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.
Be not distressed. The Lord has spoken through his prophets and apostles. Yes, in these last days he has spoken to us through his Son—and he has done so clearly.
The commands of the Lord are radiant, giving light to the eyes. O Lord, My soul fainteth for thy salvation: but I hope in thy word. Thou art my hiding place and my shield: I hope in thy word. Uphold me according unto thy word, that I may live: and let me not be ashamed of my hope. Hold thou me up, and I shall be safe: and I will have respect unto thy statutes continually. I prevented the dawning of the morning and cried: I hoped in thy word. 148 Mine eyes prevent the night watches, that I might meditate in thy word. I wait for the LORD, my soul doth wait, and in his word do I hope.
Come soon, Lord Jesus.
The peace of God, which passes all understanding, keep your hearts and minds in Christ Jesus.
 Cf. Quist, The Reason I Believe, 54–55.