“Inviting Some and Keeping Back Others”: Who is Welcome to the Lord’s Table?

Sacrament-AugustanaChrist established His Church on earth so that sinners might receive His gifts of Word and Sacrament. Put another way, the Church exists to give sinners Jesus.

The last thing we want to do is to put a barrier between Jesus and His people. But this can happen in a variety of ways, for example, by not coming to church, neglecting God’s Word and prayer at home, and living a willful, deliberately sinful life. Unfortunately, even churches can be guilty of putting a barrier between Jesus and His children (no doubt unintentionally). This often happens when it comes to the practice of the Lord’s Supper, either by admitting those who are not yet ready (open communion), or by denying the sacrament to those who are ready, but not yet a certain age.

What makes one worthy of the Sacrament is that good Lutheran teaching—faith alone. Luther himself says so in the Small Catechism. Who receives this Sacrament worthily? That person is truly worthy and well prepared who has faith in these words: “Given and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins.” To add anything else to this (such as a confirmation requirement) is to, like the scribes and Pharisees, teach as doctrines the commandments of men (Matthew 15:9).

We dare not think that somehow our faith is any better than anyone else’s, for faith is a gift, something the Holy Spirit gives equally to all of His children when and where He wills, young and old alike. Far from being unable to believe, our Lord praises the faith of infants as exemplary, for “whoever does not receive the kingdom of God like an infant shall not enter it,” (Mark 10:15). If anything, the more we grow, the less trusting we become and the more we begin to question and doubt our faith. Infants, on the other hand, are totally helpless and dependent, who rely fully on their parents to meet all of their needs. Our Lord wants us to believe in exactly the same way: not trusting in our own reason or strength, but as helpless and dependent newborn babes, fully relying on God to meet our every need in Christ Jesus.

The Lord’s Supper is a gift, and if receiving it depended on our ability to understand it, nobody—pastors included—would ever be able to receive it.

Children and adults may believe and so be worthy of the Sacrament from the time of Baptism, but this does not necessarily mean they are ready to commune. What makes a worthy child of God ready to receive the Sacrament? They must be taught to confess the faith. The Bible teaches that we ought to have unity in the faith and in our lives before we commune together (see Matthew 5:23-24,[1] 1 Corinthians 10:16-17, and 1 Corinthians 11:26). This is why we do not commune with those who have not yet been instructed (such as infants or non-Christians) or hold to a confession that differs from ours (those who belong to another denomination).

Learning to confess the Christian faith happens both in the home and at church. This happens in the Divine Service, bible class, catechesis in the home, and also during formal confirmation classes. This is what makes confirmation valuable; it’s another opportunity to learn about Jesus and grow in the faith. But this is a lifelong process—from cradle to the grave. You never can learn too much about Jesus, nor do you ever “graduate” from growing in Christ. Christian catechesis does not end with confirmation; it ends with death.

So at what point in this lifelong study of God’s Word is someone ready to receive the Sacrament? Following the lead of Martin Luther, The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod has identified basic catechesis in the chief parts of the Small Catechism as a primary requirement and has included a “Rite of First Communion Prior to Confirmation” in The Lutheran Service Book: Agenda. It says:

Candidates for admission to the Lord’s Supper have learned the Ten Commandments, the Creed, and the Lord’s Prayer.  They have received careful instruction in the Gospel and Sacraments.  Confessing their sin and trusting in their savior, they desire to receive the Lord’s Supper for the forgiveness of sins and the strengthening of their faith in Christ and their love toward others.[2]

Once this takes place, worthy children of God—regardless of age—are ready to commune. Anybody who desires to receive the sacrament ought to be welcome to the Lord’s Table after a period of basic catechesis (instruction) and examination/absolution by the pastor (according to the practice described in Augsburg Confession, article XXIV).

[1] While the Lord’s Supper is not the context here, the principle nevertheless applies. The Sacrament of the Altar is, among other things, an expression of our unity, both in terms of our doctrine and our lives.

[2] Lutheran Service Book: Agenda, 25.


“Inviting Some and Keeping Back Others”: Who is Welcome to the Lord’s Table? — 158 Comments

  1. @Randy Yovanovich #38
    Because I truly do support it, yet perhaps I don’t support the methods and the “tone.”

    I am just as confessional as all of you, yet perhaps showing it at different times, different ways, different style.

    You can build a house with a hammer and nails, or use a nail gun and tools. Same house, different costs, one takes longer.

    You can tear it down with a sledge and brute force, or simply a wrecking ball. Same result.

    We have become political attack ad people of late. Attack ads work, at a cost of polarizing all people.

    You know what this all reminds me of, the Ezra and Nehemiah type reforms that were of good nature, yet went a bit too far. You OT scholars know what I mean.

    Things are broken, but don’t go over the top alienating those that are “on the team”, but perhaps have a different level of drive toward reform.

  2. “In fact, yesterday, as my Deacon was going to make sure we get to the shutins for the holidays, I have my list, he has his (under my review of all). I on the Altar in front of the congregation, with their blessing, set aside a portion for use to be delivered by the installed Deacon of His Church at Faith.”
    Pr. Prentice, I’m beginning to feel like I am picking on you, but please do not take it that way. You really do puzzle me, however. My curiosity has gotten the better of me, so I have some questions for you. If I understand you correctly, you have gone the DELTO route mainly because your congregation is very small, unable to pay a full time pastor. Yet you have so many shut-ins you have to send someone who is not called to administer them in your stead? I have no problem whatsoever with Elders assisting their pastors at the altar, after solid instructions and under his authority. I just question your practice in light of the other information that you have shared. I wonder if there is some other reason for this particular practice of yours? Thanks. And Merry Christmas to you as well.

  3. @LadyM #2
    Dear LadyM,
    As I take a few minutes now, watching football, I can respond. Services all done.
    As a worker/priest, back in school, wife and 3 young adult “kids”, pastor of a small, yet growing liturgical, confessional, and mission minded congregation; get the picture, perhaps a bit too busy.
    Perhaps we should go away as a Church, nope, God says no (he could stop it at any time).
    I take no pay for last year. Why? Great job, and we are repairing some needed things around the Church. In fact, the Carillon is going to sound bells and music starting Monday (just cannot wait for “some” complaints.) Now for next year, I will take some pay, it is good, congregation wants me to, yet “how much does a worker/priest really need?” No guideline, just a feel.

    Now what about that issue you talk of? Well, after all these years, visits are the hardest to do because they take time, time I do not really have. Now I made it my business to visit in Christmas time, but my Deacon is retired, and can visit, and take his time. And the congregation, the people love it.

    Now we only commune a few, the rest cannot, we just read Scripture, sings songs, and when I come, Confess/Absolve, and perhaps anoint with oil.

    As I feel the Sacrament of the Altar, the Eucharist is one of the most important parts of our Church, I feel by bringing it often to the shutins that can, keep them connected with the Church and with God.

    The congregation is good with this practice. I myself wish I could do it all, but early retirement is 900 some days away (who is counting).

    Yes, to some, the practice is not considered good, but it stands the test of even the most confessional I do believe, there is no reason against; albeit some are more against the blatant problems that some cause with licensed laymen, etc. So I say take it up with them, not with me who is doing so for His people. Deacons assisting pastors has historic precedent.

    In fact, I have also asked some fellow pastors to assist me with this at times, and I have given them a small gratuity for their time. You would be surprised how many fellow pastors turned me down.

    I have a few other accounts I could tell, but I do believe they must remain out of the blag-o-sphere.

    Worker/priests are not that loved, toss in alternate route; a sore spot to many.

    But the flock I serve love me as I love them, and this past Christmas, wow, a good turnout. God was at work here, as He was at many of our Churches that preach the Word, serve the Eucharist. And I get to sing with the choir too, cool.

    Not sure if that helps.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. You can also subscribe without commenting.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.