Church Fellowship: Bond of Peace Between both Preachers and Hearers

July 13th, 2012 Post by

Before I begin my delayed vicarage, I need to finish my treatise. I am writing on the church in the theology of John Andrew Quenstedt and David Hollaz, and their emphasis on the synthetic church. One of the major features of the synthetic church is the understanding of it being made up of both teachers and hearers. The following is a revised section of my treatise, in which I argue the importance of a good relationship between pastors and hearers in obtaining church unity.

The concept of the synthetic church consisting of both teachers and hearers is vital when considering church fellowship. Paul reiterates in his own words Christ’s final mandate from Maundy Thursday: “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another: just as I have loved you, you also are to love one another. By this all people will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.” (John 13:34-35) The apostle writes, “Bear one another’s burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ.” (Gal 6:2) He continues in verse 6, “Let the one who is taught the Word share all good things with the one who teaches” These are not empty commands. They denote the reality that God has filled His church with those who teach and those who hear. They express in different words what Paul expresses in Ephesians 4, “bearing with each other in love.” The church bears the vicarious marks of Christ; therefore, as Christ has loved us by bearing our burdens, we are to love one another, both hearers and teachers. Paul makes a point of expressing that.

That law for the church to love one another is not a string attached to God’s favor, nor is it a random set of ethics. Rather, it presupposes the love of Christ which binds all together (Col 3:14). It is still law, which accuses the sinner, but Paul never says it without the gospel of peace in Christ. The peace and Word of Christ unite and identify His holy bride. The unity of the church does not exist without the proclamation of the vicarious atonement of Christ, who knowing no sin, became sin for us that we might become the righteousness of God. This is what Paul writes in 2nd Corinthians 5 when he teaches the reconciliation of sinful man to God wrought by Christ. It is on this basis that Paul exhorts the Corinthians to be reconciled to God. Paul sees no separation between what God accomplished in Christ and his mission to proclaim it. Likewise, his desire for unity among the saints is non-existent without the peace of Christ, and the preaching of that Word of peace by called servants and ambassadors of Christ through whom God makes His appeal. The godly relationship between teachers and hearers is crucial for the building up of the body of Christ (Eph 4:12). Paul does not leave it to the Ephesians to figure out how they might obtain that bond of peace. He goes on to explain that the ascended Lord has given to His church apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors and teachers (4:11).

The present pains of the church are largely due to divisions. Many people write off Christianity all together for this very reason. If acknowledged, divisions lead to uncomfortable confrontations. If ignored, they lead to doctrinal nihilism and theological apathy. Pastors are often criticized for preaching against the errors of other confessions or for giving the Lord’s Supper only to members of orthodox Lutheran congregations. The destruction of church fellowship will inevitably follow the distrust and division between hearers of the Word and preachers of the Word. When the hearers ignore Jesus’ words, “he who hears you hears Me,” or when the preachers refuse to preach the pure Word of God to His children in season and out of season, church fellowship becomes an idle and hopeless fantasy. It becomes even more detrimental when called preachers of the Gospel hinder other pastors from delivering to God’s children the pure bread of life, or when pastors simply use their office as a way to pep-talk the people into sharing the gospel but fail to clearly proclaim God’s free favor in Christ to them. I recall Pastor Todd Wilken discussing the difference between evangelizing, that is, preaching the gospel, and preaching about evangelizing. If pastors only preach about evangelizing, how can they expect to have fellowship with their hearers?

The marks of the church are not impersonal. They are given to us through the mouths and hands of God’s unworthy yet called servants. We personally sin, so God personally forgives. He does this through His pastors whom He calls to serve His people in particular places. Why should we not grumble against our pastors? Because, as the writer to the Hebrews puts it, they watch out for our souls. Why should pastors not neglect to preach the pure Word of God? First, because God commands them to preach it, and second, because God’s children are entitled to hear it by virtue of their baptism. God has already given His promise to His children. A pastor who refuses to continue to give it behaves as a hireling.

So how do we pray for unity and peace among us? By praying that God’s teaching remain pure so God by His Holy Spirit takes us sinners out of death to life. It is in this way that our Lord maintains the bond of peace among His preachers and hearers.






Rules for comments on this site:


Engage the contents and substance of the post. Rabbit trails and side issues do not help the discussion of the topics.  Our authors work hard to write these articles and it is a disservice to them to distract from the topic at hand.  If you have a topic you think is important to have an article or discussion on, we invite you to submit a request through the "Ask a Pastor" link or submit a guest article.


Provide a valid email address. If you’re unwilling to do this, we are unwilling to let you comment.


Provide at least your first name. Please try to come up with a unique name; if you have a common name add something to it so you aren't confused with another user. We have several "john"'s already for example.  If you have a good reason to use a fake name, please do so but realize that the administrators of the site expect a valid email address and also reserve the right to ask you for your name privately at any time.


If you post as more than one person from the same IP address, we’ll block that address.


Do not engage in ad hominem arguments. We will delete such comments, and will not be obligated to respond to any complaints (public or private ones) about deleting your comments.


Interaction between people leaving comments ought to reflect Christian virtue, interaction that is gracious and respectful, not judging motives.  If error is to be rebuked, evidence of the error ought to be provided.


We reserve the right to identify and deal with trollish behavior as we see fit and without apology.  This may include warnings (public or private ones) or banning.

  1. Warren Malach
    July 13th, 2012 at 22:00 | #1

    Vicar Preus: Do you plan to discuss the doctrine of fellowship with reference to the current divisions within the Lutheran church bodies in the US, especially those between such church bodies as the LCMS and the WELS, which have different concepts of fellowship? Thank you!

  2. Lumpenkönig
    July 14th, 2012 at 19:23 | #2

    Regarding divisions within the Church and the realignment of Christian denominations, I look forward to the transfer of Lutherans from liberal Lutheran denominations to confessional ones. How are the various Lutheran bodies in the 3rd world responding to the ELCA since 2009. Have any of the larger ELCA-affiliated Lutheran denominations in Africa and Asia approached the LCMS since 2009? Has there been any success in such denominations switching alliances? Are they even aware of the existence of the LCMS?

  3. ralph luedtke
    July 15th, 2012 at 08:51 | #3

    Is not fellowship based on unity around Word and Sacrament? Look and hear what is happening in our synod in this regard-Is this fellowship or sinful tolerance?

  4. Carl H
    July 15th, 2012 at 10:06 | #4

    “One of the major features of the synthetic church is the understanding of it being made up of both teachers and hearers.”

    Isn’t listening an important aspect of a pastor’s ministry? (A pastor once told me that people don’t care about how much you know until they know how much you care.)

  5. Andrew Preus
    July 17th, 2012 at 09:44 | #5

    @Warren Malach #1
    Yes, I am planning on discussing this a bit. I am mainly focusing on the concept taught by Quenstedt and Hollaz. I draw brief present-day implications, so I am not focusing on any one view of fellowship.

    @ralph luedtke #3
    Yes it is.

    @Carl H #4
    I would say so. I suppose that would be in the category of being patient (2nd Timothy 4:2). But primarily, God instituted the preaching office, which is the pastoral office. God preserves His church through the pure preaching of His Word, and it should be done in love and patience, so you are right. I think that listening to the concerns of the hearers is an important part, as long as listening is connected with teaching.

    @Lumpenkönig #2
    I am not focusing on current fellowship talks or church relations, although those are some interesting questions that I would be interested in learning more about.

If you have problems commenting on this site, or need to change a comment after it has been posted on the site, please contact us. For help with getting your comment formatted, click here.
Subscribe to comments feed  ..  Subscribe to comments feed for this post
Anonymous comments are welcome on this board, but we do require a valid email address so the admins can verify who you are. Please try to come up with a unique name; if you have a common name add something to it so you aren't confused with another user. We have several "john"'s already for example. Email addresses are kept private on this site, and only available to the site admins. Comments posted without a valid email address may not be published. Want an icon to identify your comment? See this page to see how.
*

Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. You can also subscribe without commenting.